The Orquesta de la Comunidad de Madrid was founded in 1987 and it has distinguished itself through its innovative programming that has always combined highlights of contemporary creation with the traditional repertoire. Its founder and first Director was Miguel Groba, who held this post until June 2000. Since September of that year, the Madrid director José Ramón Encinar is the artistic and musical responsible of the Orchestra.

It has performed with success in some of the major musical centres of our country such as Palau de la Música (Valencia), Palacio de Festivales de Cantabria (Santander), Teatro Arriaga (Bilbao), Gran Teatro (Córdoba), Teatro Calderón (Valladolid), Teatro Colón (A Coruña), Palacio de la Ópera (A Coruña), Auditorio de Galicia, Auditorio Manuel de Falla (Granada), Euskalduna, Kursaal y Auditori (Barcelona); and foreign such as Carnegie Hall (New York), Teatro Bellas Artes (México D.F.), Teatro La Fenice (Venetia), Konzerthaus (Berlin) or Théatre du Châtelet (Paris).

In addition to its permanent cycle of concerts in the Auditorio Nacional de Música, it collaborates regularly with the Festival de Otoño of Madrid, Festival Mozart, Festival Andrés Segovia, as well as the Ciclo de Cámara y Polifonía organised at the Auditorio Nacional de Música.

Since January 1998 the Orquesta de la Comunidad de Madrid is the conductor orchestra of the Teatro de La Zarzuela.